Pte C H Maffey fought for 37 days on the Gallipoli Peninsula before returning to New Zealand. He died only a few days after returning home aged 22.
CH Maffey 8/2046
Otago Infantry Battalion
born Redcliffe 29/6/1893
11 February 1915 Date commenced duty
Theatres of Operation
1915 Gallipoli Peninsula (37 days)
Epileptic attack on peninsula
Embarked for NZ - aboard SS Tahiti 20/11/1915
Died Dunedin 7/1/1916 R.I.P.
Days of Service
In NZ. 135 days
Overseas 196 days
total 331 days
British War Medal
The Gallipoli or Dardanelles Campaign ("Canakkale Savaslari" in Turkish) took place on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey from 25 April 1915 to 9 January 1916 during World War One.
Winston Churchill committed British, French and - above all - untested Australian and New Zealand forces to the ill-fated campaign to seize control of the Dardanelles and western Turkey. The aim was to force Turkey out of the war, to secure an ice-free sea supply route to Russia, and to open another front against Germany and Austria via Hungary.
The landings began with British and French forces at Cape Helles and the Australian & New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) on the Kabatepe beaches on 25 April 1915. The Allied forces tried to break through the Turkish lines during the early days of the campaign and the Turks tried to drive the allied troops off the peninsula.
Thousands lost their lives in the Gallipoli campaign: 87,000 Turks, 44,000 men from France and the British Empire, including 8500 Australians. Among the dead were 2721 New Zealanders, almost one in four of those who served on Gallipoli.
In Turkey, the battle is understood as a defining moment in national history - a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the centuries - old Ottoman Empire came to pieces. The struggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence and the foundation of the Turkish Republic eight years later under Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.
In Australia and New Zealand, the campaign was the first major battle undertaken by a joint military formation and is often considered to mark the birth of national consciousness in both of these countries.