Hall - Examinations by PNBHS

Accelerate Programme Information - Year 12 and Year 13

Students wishing to study at university level in Year 13 must ensure they plan a programme leading to University Entrance.
  • This course is offered as an accelerated programme for academically able students, particularly those who intend to study at university. It is offered to those students in Year 11 who have maintained a high level of achievement in their NCEA Level 2 subjects.
  • Students who do not meet this requirement will be placed into an appropriate multi-level programme in consultation with the Accelerate Programme Coordinator.
  • The Year 12 NCEA Level 3 and the Year 13 Advanced Course must be regarded as an integrated two-year programme involving study at NCEA Level 3 and at an advanced level consisting of study towards University 100 level papers and / or NZQA Scholarship examinations.
  • Students entering the Year 12 -13 accelerate programme must have gained a significant number of Excellence grades in the previous year.
  • Pre-requisites will also include at least a Merit average in subjects that are being taken to the next level.
  • Students in Year 12 must enter five NCEA Level 3 subjects. Partial acceleration will need to be negotiated. They will not be able to enrol in university papers but, in exceptional cases, may enter the Scholarship examinations.
  • Students in Year 13 must take the equivalent of five subjects at or in advance of NCEA Level 3. Students are advised to repeat no more than three subjects.
  • Year 13 students will be encouraged to enter a minimum of three Scholarship standards. Students who repeat subjects will be expected to enter the Scholarship standard in those subjects.
  • University papers offered by the school are available in selected subjects for students who have gained University Entrance. A maximum of four papers can be taken. In some cases, papers not offered by the school may be taken via distance learning.
  • English or a “language rich subject” must be taken for at least one of the two years. However, it is strongly recommended that at least one language rich subject be taken to Level 3.
  • The underlying expectation is that students will have the required ability and motivation to succeed to a high level, thus providing them with an academic advantage as they move on to university.

YEAR 12 ACCELERATE PROGRAMME

Year 12 Accelerate students will be taking most of their subjects at Level 3, although it is common for students to multi-level. Provided a student has selected at least four Level 3 courses, he is permitted a study line as one of his options.

Students who are uncertain of their post school destination should keep their options broad. Those who do have a career in mind should consult the website of the institution(s) offering the required qualification and verify the entrance criteria.

Subject Choices

Students choose FIVE NCEA Level 3 subjects from the options below:

Drama

Music

Performance Music

Art History

Visual Art subjects (3 options)

MATHEMATICS

Mathematics with Statistics

Mathematics

Mathematics with Calculus

COMMERCE

Accounting

Economics

SCIENCE

Biology

Chemistry

Electronics

Agriculture/Horticulture

Physics

Sports Science

ENGLISH

English

Media Studies

SOCIAL SCIENCE

Classical Studies

Geography

History

LANGUAGES

Te Reo Maori

French

German

Japanese

TECHNOLOGY

Graphics

Digital Technologies

Workshop Options

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Physical Education Studies

There are no restrictions. However, our very strong recommendation is that at least one ‘language rich’ subject is chosen. Suitable subjects include: Art History, Classical Studies, English, History, Statistics, Economics or a language.

Note: Some universities may require specific ‘language rich’ subjects to be taken at school for certain courses. If a student is contemplating study at an Australian university or some courses at the University of Auckland, level 3 English must be taken as well as Arts papers

It is expected that most students will be able to take the subjects of their choice.

Any requests to take subjects other than those listed in the table above must be discussed with the Accelerate Programme Coordinator.

Assessment

Alternative Accelerated Course

Under special circumstances, any variation to a five subject NCEA Level 3 course will be considered. In such cases the Deans will discuss the best possible options with individual students.

Subjects that may run as dedicated accelerate classes:

Level Three Physics - 12APHY

Physics is the branch of science in which people explore the physical world around them and seek to understand and describe the phenomena they encounter. Learning in Physics is inspired by a simple wonder at the way things are and a compelling curiosity about why they work the way they do. A study of Physics spans the limits of our universe - from the subatomic to the size of galaxies - and develops skills and knowledge that are useful in today's world and important in further learning. By studying Physics, students gain an understanding of interactions between parts of the physical world and of the ways in which they can be represented. Knowing about Physics enables people to understand a wide range of contemporary issues and challenges and potential technological solutions. Specifically, students will study aspects of Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Wave Behaviour and Modern Physics.

Internal Assessment:
91525 Demonstrate understanding of Modern Physics (Physics 3.5) - 3 credits
External Assessments:
91523 Demonstrate understanding of waves systems (Physics 3.3) - 4 credits
91524 Demonstrate understanding of mechanical systems (Physics 3.4) - 6 credits
91526 Demonstrate understanding of electrical systems (Physics 3.6) - 6 credits

Subject Costs: $30

Level Three Economics - 12AECO

Students studying Economics at Level 3 will;

· Develop an understanding of the New Zealand economy and the policies that the Government uses to manage it, make sense of economic problems that they may be facing, now and in the future, make connections between New Zealand’s economy and the global economy.

· Recognise the different perspectives and values individuals and groups bring to economic decision making.

· Compare and contrast economic decisions affecting New Zealand in contexts in which resources are scarce and research the viewpoints different groups bring to negotiations. For example, an employer and an employee may have different views on what a fair wage increase might be.

· Use analytical tools to present justified recommendations about resource issues. For example, a student could use efficiency and/or equity arguments to justify a policy like a carbon tax as a means of reducing global warming or giving property rights to Māori as a means of conserving the foreshore.

By studying economics, students will learn to value all cultures and the contributions they make to economies. For example, a student might study the impact of immigration on the economy and what skills different immigrants bring to New Zealand.

Level 3 Economics is a 20 credit course offering 4 Achievement Standards (2 Internal and 2 External)
91399 Demonstrate understanding of the efficiency of market equilibrium - 4 credits External
91401 Demonstrate understanding of micro-economic concepts - 5 credits Internal
91402 Demonstrate understanding of government interventions to correct market failures - 5 credits Internal
91403 Demonstrate understanding of macro-economic influences on the New Zealand economy - 6 credits External

Pre-Requisites: Achievement in 3 Achievement Standards at Level 2 (must include at least 1 External).Direct Entry is possible at this level after consultation with the HOD

Level Three English - 12ENA

The course involves response to written and visual texts as well as researching and speaking

Level Three Prerequisites: At least three standards at Level 2, including one reading and one writing standard or by approval

Total number of internally assessed credits in this course: 9 - 11

Total number of externally assessed credits in this course: 12

Total number of credits in this course: 21 - 23

Subject Costs: $10

Level Three Accounting - 12AACC

A school background in Accounting is useful for any person wishing to enter the world of commerce in such areas as financial literacy, business management, risk management, venture capitalists, banking, tourism, marketing, insurance, information technology, resource management, finance, consultancy, advisory and self-employment.

So where does Accounting lead? Accounting is a core subject for almost every commerce degree in Australasia and is viewed as advantageous for all university graduates. If you wish to be successful - be it in science, medicine, law, or commerce, eventually you will be responsible for the management of money by way of budgets and strategic decision-making. Accounting prepares you to handle these funds in a responsible and accurate manner.

Level Three covers: Partnership and company reporting, costing a job, investment analysis of a NZX listed company on behalf of a client, and management decision-making.

Level Three Accounting is a 22 credit course offering 5 Achievement Standards (3 Internal and 2 External)
91405 Demonstrate understanding of accounting for partnerships - 4 Credits (Internal)
91407 Prepare a report for an external user that interprets the annual report of a New Zealand reporting entity - 5 Credits (Internal)
91409 Demonstrate an understanding of a job cost sub system for an entity - 4 Credits (Internal)
91406 Demonstrate understanding of company financial statement preparation - 5 Credits (External)
91408 Demonstrate understanding of management accounting to inform decision-making - 4 Credits (External)

Level Three Prerequisites: Achievement in Achievement Standard 2.3 Prepare financial information for an entity that operates accounting subsystems and Achievement in one further Achievement Standard Direct entry is possible at this level after consultation with the HOD.

Level Three Biology - 12ABIO

Course Content:
In studying biology, students will investigate, and develop their understanding of:
(1) Human physiology and anatomy
(2) Homeostasis.
(3) Biotechnology
(4) Ecology
(5) Biological investigation
(6) Evolution and Human Evolution
For more info see STRATUS

There are no prerequisites for Level 3 Biology, just a willingness to learn and a good attitude and course work grade.

Total number of credits in this course: 19

Literacy credits are available in all the achievement standards we offer.

Level Three Chemistry - 12ACHE

Chemists carry out reactions at what is known as the macroscopic level, and they think about reactions at the particulate or sub-microscopic level. They often use symbols to represent their observations. The aim of the level three course is to recognise that, for any substance, the properties and behaviours observed and measured are the result of the properties and behaviours of sub-microscopic particles that cannot be seen. More specifically, at the end of the level three course, students will be able to:

· Describe the composition and properties of matter and the energy involved as it undergoes change

· Explain how substances interrelate and their impact on society

· Make observations on the behaviour of substances and explain these using the fundamental concepts of chemistry

· Use the nature of particles to predict the properties and reactions of materials.

The course consists of three externally assessed Achievement Standards (91390, 91391 and 91392) worth 5 credits each and one internal assessed Achievement Standard (91388) worth 3 credits, giving a total of 18 credits. In addition, there are two optional internals (91389, 91167) each worth 3 credits.

Students wishing to enter the level 3 Chemistry course will need to have shown a good level of understanding of the key concepts present in level 2 Chemistry. This requires at least an Achieved in two externally assessed and one internally assessed Chemistry Achievement Standard.


Internal Achievement Standards taught
91167 Demonstrate understanding of oxidation-reduction processes (optional)
91388 Demonstrate understanding of spectroscopic data in chemistry (compulsory)
91389 Demonstrate understanding of chemical processes in the world around us (optional)

External Achievement Standards taught
91390 Demonstrate understanding of thermo-chemical principles and the properties of particles and substances
91391 Demonstrate understanding of the properties of organic compounds
91392 Demonstrate understanding of equilibrium principles in aqueous systems
Subject cost: $37

Level Three Calculus - 12ACLC

Calculus is a tool used to model the way our world changes. Engineers and scientists apply it to analyse large physical structures or model evolutionary trajectories of cell structures. Weather forecasts are generated using, among other techniques, calculus as is tracking the flux of our geomagnetic field. Economists rely on calculus to analyse the stock market, track currency shifts, or develop new air travel routes. Good graphic designers and computer animation artists rely heavily on calculus for their creative outcomes. Health students need physics to get into their dental, medical, or veterinary courses? Tertiary Level Physics becomes much more accessible with a knowledge of calculus. In short, calculus opens many doors.

Level 3 Calculus has a strong dependency on algebraic skills and problem solving. In addition, good reading comprehension is required for problem analysis.

Level Three Prerequisites: 18 Credits from Level 2 including 2.6 & 2.7.
Cost: $20

Internal Assessments
AS 91574 Apply linear programming methods in solving problems (3.2) and/or AS 91587 Apply systems of equations in solving problems (3.15) and/or AS 91573 Apply the algebra of conic sections in solving problems (3.1)
External Assessments
AS 91577 Apply the algebra of complex numbers in solving problems (3.5)
AS 91578 Apply differentiation methods in solving problems (3.6)
AS 91579 Apply integration methods in solving problems (3.7)

Level Three History - 12AHIS

This course examines some significant historical events in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Students will have the opportunity to think deeply about how the causes, consequences, and explanations of historical events that are of significance to New Zealanders are complex, and how and why they are contested. Students will also gain knowledge, skills, and experience to understand how trends over time reflect social, economic, and political forces.
Credits:20
Cost:$20

Level Three Statistics - 12ASTS

The key to making sense of all the data now at our disposal is statistics. At leading companies, decisions are increasingly made by conducting experiments that draw on the core skills of statisticians. Rather than relying on gut instinct, businesses now find ways to test hypotheses and use statistical methods to analyse the results, applying the classic scientific method to decision-making.

Consider the teams of medical researchers running clinical trials or analysing the outcomes of patients after a therapy has been made widely available: they have to select the parameters to study, assess the results, and draw the right conclusions about a drug's effectiveness and safety. Online advertisers trying to micro-target consumers must be able to detect patterns in the massive amount of clickstream data they gather from the Web. Risk managers on Wall Street, retail buyers choosing this season's merchandise, environmental scientists, sports analysts, and military strategists all rely on the ability to synthesize data and predict outcomes.

This course builds on the quite substantial statistics concepts already covered by this stage. This course has a high literacy demand. All the internal Achievement Standards are assessed by a written report which will require access to a laptop. Students will complete 2 of 3.8, 3.9 & 3.10.

Prerequisites: 16 Credits from Level 2 including 2.9 & 2.12.

Cost: $20
Internal Assessments
AS 91580 Investigate time series data (3.8)
AS 91581 Investigate bivariate measurement data (3.9)
AS 91582 Use statistical methods to make a formal inference (3.10)
AS 91583 Conduct an experiment to investigate a situation using experimental design principles (3.11)
External Assessments
AS 91584 Evaluate statistically based reports (3.12)
AS 91585 Apply probability concepts in solving problems (3.13)
AS 91586 Apply probability distributions in solving problems (3.14)

Level Three Geography - 12AGEO

Course Content: Topics covered include: Natural Processes - Tongariro National Park, Cultural Process - Tourism - global, Rotorua, Current Geographic Issues, Global Studies, Geographic Research and Geographic Skills (e.g. mapping, graphing, perspectives, application of geographic concepts).

Level Three Prerequisites: An interest in the environment and how people live in it, and reasonable ability in English AND 12 credits in Level 2 Geography or English, including at least 4 credits from an external.

Internal Assessments
91430 (3.5) Conduct geographic research with consultation.
91431 (3.6) Analyse aspects of a contemporary geographic issue.
91432 (3.7) Analyse aspects of a geographic topic at a global scale.

External Assessments
91426 (3.1) Demonstrate understanding of how interacting natural processes shape a New Zealand geographic environment
91427 (3.2) Demonstrate understanding of how a cultural process shapes geographic environments.
91429 (3.4) Demonstrate understanding of a given environment(s) through the selection and application of geographic concepts and skills.
Subject Costs: $15
L3 Advanced English 13UEN Course Content: The course involves response to written and visual texts as well as mastering research techniques.

Level Three Prerequisites: At least three standards at Level 2, including one reading and one writing standard or by approval
Total number of internally assessed credits in this course: 9 - 11
Total number of externally assessed credits in this course: 12
Total number of credits in this course: 21 - 23
This course also includes the completion of university papers through the University of Waikato and English Scholarship papers.

Subject Costs: $10

Year 13 Accelerate Programme.

Subject Choices

  • It is a requirement that all Year 13 accelerate students will undertake the equivalent of five subjects.
  • It is expected that most students will select subjects from those listed on page 2. They may be new subjects or the same subject at an advanced level.
  • Where it is possible, specific Year 13 Advanced Classes will operate in subjects that have sufficient student numbers. For example, this year advanced classes, offering a university paper, operated for:

Accounting*

Biology*

Maths with Calculus*

Chemistry*

Maths with Statistics*

Economics*

Physics*

English*

  • In subjects where specific advanced classes do not operate, students will undertake study in regular Year 13 classes.
  • Students are expected to enter at least three Scholarship standards from the five subjects they are taking.
  • The availability of any paper is subject to a minimum number of enrolments.

Advanced Subject Assessment

  • New Zealand Qualification Authority Scholarship examinations are expected to be taken by students who are enrolled for university papers. Some students may also wish to re-enter NCEA Level 3 assessments.
  • Art and Graphics will be assessed by portfolio submission.

PNBHS - UNIVERSITY PAPERS

  • Under current legislation, studying university papers at school will not impact on the students’ ‘free entitlements’ of full-time tertiary study. However, to ensure a smooth passage, students must follow the enrolment instructions to the letter. Key to this is reading and responding to emails.
  • Students wishing to enrol in these papers must have gained UE and an average of a Merit grade in the corresponding NCEA Level 3 subject the previous year.
  • Students enrolling in these papers are signed on as Massey, Canterbury, Victoria, or Waikato students under the special Palmerston North Boys’ High School - University Partnership Agreement.
  • The papers are taught at school by school staff, but university requirements must be met. This includes completing any practical work on a university campus.
  • University staff will undertake the summative assessment for each paper. Details for each paper follow.
  • School assessment programmes supporting the papers must be completed for school reporting purposes and will be taken into account for school subject prizes and monetary awards.
  • Students who are successful will not be required to pay the University course fees. However, they will need to purchase or hire the prescribed texts.
  • Students enrolled in University papers will be required to pay a $100 bond per paper which will be reimbursed upon the successful completion of the paper and sitting NZQA Scholarship examinations in November. Successful completion is considered the obtaining of a C- grade or higher. Furthermore, students who obtain a grade lower than C- for any paper, or who do not complete a paper, will be required to reimburse the school the cost of the paper. Students enrolling in University papers, and their parents, will be required to sign a contract outlining their acceptance of these conditions.
  • Students will have access to online material (notes, previous semester tests, examinations, and other material) through the school and university websites.
  • Some subjects will require testing to be taken on-line.
  • Semester I papers will be completed by the end of Term II. Terms III and IV are committed to Scholarship preparation.

Students should seek information regarding any specific details regarding the papers they are interested in taking. The University websites will provide further information:

• Massey University – www.massey.ac.nz

• Waikato University - www.waikato.ac.nz/study/unistart

• Victoria University - www.victoria.ac.nz/study/programmes-courses

• Canterbury University - www.canterbury.ac.nz/study/qualifications-and-courses/

UNIVERSITY DISTANCE LEARNING PAPERS

Notwithstanding any of the above, it is possible for papers not included in any of the PNBHS – University partnerships to be taken under distance learning arrangements. This will require the approval of the Accelerate Programme Co-ordinator, Mr. Benn.

An overview of the content and assessment of the University/Scholarship courses offered on the PNBHS timetable, dependent upon enrolment numbers, is described below.

Please note students intending to study Health Science at Otago University can be in the Chemistry, Biology and Physics courses and learn the content of the papers being offered but are unable to enrol in the university courses. This is in compliance with the guidelines outlined by Otago University. However, they may enrol in any other university papers without penalty.

Advanced Biology - 13UBI

In studying biology, students will investigate, and develop their understanding of:

  • Human physiology, anatomy, and homeostasis.
  • Biotechnology
  • Evolution and Speciation

and

100 Level Biology of Cells (Massey University course)

Content:

Introduction to eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell structure and function, and the chemistry of life. The flow of information within cells and transmission of genetic information to progeny. in cell division A description of cellular mechanisms for creating genetic diversity and the control of gene expression. An introduction to molecular genetics and genomics.

Practical Work Requirements:

10 laboratory sessions at Massey University (at times to be determined).

Level Three Advanced Chemistry - 13UCH

Scientific skills are important in understanding the physical and chemical changes that are observed every day. In the Advanced Chemistry class, students will have the opportunity to enrol in a first year University Chemistry paper (description below), where the content is taught here at school. They will spend term three completing an additional level 3 internal (91387). The purpose of this is to provide an opportunity for students to extend their scientific knowledge while developing a better understanding of the scientific investigation process through analysing a real-world application.

During the remainder of the year, students will have time to practice scholarship style questions in preparation for sitting the New Zealand Scholarship Chemistry examination in November. Please note: Students in this course can re-sit any level 3 external examination and are expected to sit the Scholarship Chemistry examination.

100 Level Chemistry (Massey University Paper)

Content: This paper discusses the central role of energy dispersal in determining spontaneous physical and chemical changes. Fundamental bonding theories will be used to rationalise molecular structures. Transition intermolecular forces, atomic structure and properties of elements is emphasised, and modern methods and applications of chemistry will be used to illustrate these concepts.

Practical Work Requirements:

12 laboratory sessions at Massey University (at times to be determined)

Level Three Advanced Calculus - 13UCL

Classes run five days a week for the entire year. During this time, we complete a 30-point full year engineering mathematics paper which offers parallel preparation for Scholarship.

100 Level Mathematics ( Canterbury University) CONTENT:

Linear equations, lines, and planes in two and three dimensions. Linear transformations, vectors, matrices, and determinants in two and three dimensions, eigenvectors, and eigenvalues. An introduction to linear programming and complex numbers.
Functions of one real variable and their graphs. Differentiation, integration, and differential equations including second order homogeneous and non-homogeneous, with applications to mathematical models. Introduction to power series, numerical methods, partial differentiation, and conic sections.

Advanced History - 13UHI

Course

1. The first half of the year: Students take a university paper that will focus on building the critical thinking and analytical skills necessary to be successful for Scholarship History. (and other academic subjects?)
2. Second half of the year. Students will be studying for Scholarship History. In late 2021, NCEA will publish the context (ie a theme) for the 2022 Scholarship exam. For example, this year’s was colonialism and New Zealand in the 1900s. It is a 3-hour exam with a selection of resources based around the context and students are required to answer 3 questions using an extended response format. As part of this work, students will examine the historiography of the context, looking at how historians' interpretations of the past have changed over time.

Advanced Physics - 13UPH

Physics is the branch of science in which people explore the physical world around them and seek to understand and describe the phenomena they encounter. Learning in Physics is inspired by a simple wonder at the way things are and a compelling curiosity about why they work the way they do. A study of Physics spans the limits of our universe - from the subatomic to the size of galaxies - and develops skills and knowledge that are useful in today's world and important in further learning. By studying Physics, students gain an understanding of interactions between parts of the physical world and of the ways in which they can be represented. Knowing about Physics enables people to understand a wide range of contemporary issues and challenges and potential technological solutions. Specifically, students will study aspects of Mechanics, Electromagnetism, Wave Behaviour and Modern Physics.

Students are expected to sit the Scholarship exam and, if not enrolling for Otago Health Sciences, take the university paper described below.

100 Level Physics (Victoria University)
CONTENT:

This course covers non-relativistic mechanics, and wave motion, including kinematics and dynamics, fundamental conservation laws, rotational motion and oscillations, mechanical waves, and an introduction to quantum physics.

Learning Objectives:

  • Identify and apply correct problem-solving techniques to problems in classical mechanics, fluid dynamics, and wave mechanics.
  • Appreciate the role of calculus in physics and use it in problem solving.
  • Demonstrate safe laboratory practise and develop skills in data collection, analysis, and presentation
  • Explore and test hypotheses about physical. phenomena and communicate those ideas to a range of audiences.

Practical Work Requirements:

Block laboratory sessions at Victoria University which will incur a field trip fee for transport and accommodation.

Advanced Statistics - 13UST

Terms 1 and 2 are dedicated to completing the Waikato University Statistics paper. The remainder of the year is spent on preparation for the Scholarship examination.

161.120 Introductory Statistics (Waikato University)

CONTENT:

Topics covered include general principles for statistical problem solving; sampling and experimental design; techniques for extracting information from data; some practical examples of statistical inference; and the study of relationships between variables using regression analysis. The statistical computer software package Minitab is used for most of the statistical computations and graphical displays.

Assignments:
Students are required to sit three short online mastery tests and to complete three projects.


Advanced Accounting - 13UAC

In Scholarship Economics the course is split into 2 parts. In preparation for the Scholarship examination students will study Market Structures, analyse the efficiency of different market structures, study micro-economic concepts, market failure and study the New Zealand Economy as a whole in Macro Economics. Students will then be expected to apply and use all these theories in a ‘real life’ scenario.
As well as the Scholarship paper students will also complete a university paper in accounting.

100 Level Accounting (Massey University)

CONTENT:

An introduction to how accounting information is used for planning, monitoring, and evaluating organisational performance.

Learning Outcomes

  • Explain the role of accounting information in an organisation.
  • Apply generally accepted accounting practices.
  • Analyse the management of liquidity and solvency in an organisation.
  • Apply management accounting techniques to planning and short-term decision making.
  • Interpret an organisation’s financial performance and position.

Advanced Economics - 13UEC

In Scholarship Economics the course is split into 2 parts. In preparation for the Scholarship examination students will study Market Structures, analyse the efficiency of different market structures, study micro-economic concepts, market failure and also study the New Zealand Economy as a whole in Macro Economics. Students will then be expected to apply and use all these theories in a ‘real life’ scenario.

As well as the Scholarship paper students will also complete a university paper in economics.

Advanced Geography - 13UGO

1. The first half of the year: Students study a University paper extramurally, with help from the teacher.
2. Second half of the year: In early 2022, NCEA will publish the context (ie a theme) for the 2022 Scholarship exam. For example, this year’s is climate change. The second half of the year is spent examining and working towards this theme. The Scholarship exam is then based on this statement. It is a 3-hour exam. Some resource materials (such as maps, text, photographs, models, graphs, tables, and cartoons) related to this theme will be provided to assist candidates. Candidates will be required to complete questions that involve critically analysing, processing, selecting, extracting, justifying, predicting, integrating, and presenting information.

Candidates will be required to include relevant original visuals that will enhance their answers.

Candidates will be expected to demonstrate understanding of a range of geographic perspectives and to use their geographic knowledge, skills, and understanding to support their answers.