Year 10 Compulsory subjects

The following courses are compulsory for all students to study in 2023
  • English      10Enb (Full Year)

Course Description: The course is the second year in a two-year programme leading to Year 11 English where standards are both externally and internally assessed.

The general aims are set out in the English curriculum document and the course is designed to develop skills in the various "strands".

Teaching is also provided for individuals who need assistance with literacy.

Next step: Year 11 English course

Contact Person: Ms Liddell kml@shirley.school.nz


  • English 10Ena (Full Year)

Course Description: The extension English course is designed to explore the depth and breadth of English Literature to intellectually stimulate and challenge high ability students.

The course is designed on the principles of “Curriculum Compaction” which is a process used to streamline the regular curriculum. By rationalising the syllabus, time can be allocated for extension and enrichment that suits the learner’s level of mastery, interests and learning preferences. 

Next step: Year 11 Ena course

Contact Person: Miss Wilson ehw@shirley.school.nz


  • English Language Skills      10Enl (Full Year)

Course Description:The English Language Skills programme is an alternative English programme offered to NESB (Non English Speaking Background) students. The programme is designed to assist students’ English language acquisition in all key skill areas – Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking.

The course reflects the individual needs of the student for whom English is not a first language by offering subject support by specialist teaching staff in conjunction with language skills. Students study a selection of topics which focus on subject-specific vocabulary, grammar, comprehension and sentence construction.

Contact Person: Ms Nesbit smn@shirley.school.nz


  • Mathematics & Statistics: Year 10 (Full Year)

Course Description: Designed to match the requirements of the NZ National Curriculum and aims to develop both Numeracy and individual thinking skills as well as providing the basis for advanced study. Through a balance of knowledge development, skills practice and problem solving opportunities, we bring together effective learning and preparation in Mathematics and Statistics for Qualifications and Life in years to come.

In Year 10, courses are streamed into three levels based on performance in Year 9. Topics include numeric thinking, using symbols & expressions (algebra), measurement, geometry, patterns & relationships, statistics and probability.

Based on teacher recommendations, students will be given the opportunity to sit the pilot Numeracy exam (US 32406) to gain their 10 Numeracy credits before entering Level 1 NCEA. Their performance in the Numeracy exam will dictate which Year 11 Mathematics class they will be entered into.

Contact Person: Mr Webber, Ms W Veatupu


  • Health and Physical Education 10HPE (Full Year)

Course Description: Health and Physical Education uses Mason Duries ‘Whare tapa wha model’ and the concept of Hauora as a framework to teach the content of this subject. Students are taught and assessed at level 3, 4 and 5 of the curriculum over both years 9 and 10. This allows students to delve deep into the broad nature of this curriculum area.

Students also use the generic health model to learn the influences, consequences of current health issues. Particular focus is given to the strategies one can use and access to enhance the four dimensions of Hauora. These are; Taha Tinana - Physical well-being, Taha Hinengaro - Mental and Emotional well-being, Taha Whanau - Social well-being and Taha Wairua - Spiritual well-being.

In Year 9 and 10 the content is taught through four main school wide themes of learning these are;

Year 9: Turangawaewae - Personal Identity, Hapori - My role in society, Rawa - My body as a resource, Te Taio - The natural environment.

Year 10: Tangata ke Wahi Ke- Other people, other places, Nga Wero - Overcoming challenges, O Tika O Kawenga - Our rights and responsibilities and Arorangi - Reaching for the stars.

Health and Physical Education uses movement as a context to learn. Learning through movement helps to develop individuals interpersonal skills and physical motor skills. Through movement students develop knowledge about how the body functions, participate in challenging physical activities to develop a growth mindset and resilience which in turn further develops their levels of self-confidence. Students will have opportunities to further develop their leadership skills in the running of their very own Sports tournament. Graduates of the junior HPE program will understand the influences self others and society have and will have the knowledge and skills to make health enhancing decisions that enable total well being both now and in the future.

This course will also prepare students who wish to undertake Senior Physical Education as a learning pathway.

Aspects of Health Education such as Mental Health, Conflict Resolution, Leadership and Healthy relationships are taught in both practical and theoretical lessons. Drug Education and Sexuality Education are the topics taught in isolation of Health and Physical Education. In Health Education students will gain knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that will allow them to enjoy a healthy lifestyle and be able to contribute to the wellbeing of themselves, other people and their communities. They will also develop skills that will enable them to enhance relationships with other people and participate in creating healthy communities by taking responsibility.

Next step for year 10: Year 10HPE, (10SPD on an application basis)

Next step for year 11: 11PED, 11PEL, (11SPD by application only)

Contact Person: Any of the Physical Education staff.


  • Science     10Sci (Full Year)

Course Description: Year 10 teachers seek to build on student’s own experiences and understanding by exposing them to interesting phenomena that occur in the world around them including :

  • Plant, animal and human biology; chemistry (now including organic chemistry), physics, earth science, light and astronomy, ecology;
  • Interaction between humans and their environment;
  • Scientific thinking and investigation skills;
  • Practical skills - measuring, observing, problem solving and handling equipment.

Next step: Year 11 Science courses

Contact Person: Mr Richards rnr@shirley.school.nz


  • Social Studies 10Soc (Full Year)

Course Description: The focus in Year 10 Social Studies is Global Societies. That is people (individuals and groups), and their lives in the past, the present and the future, that is, Shirley Boys' Global Vision. The goal of Year 10 Social Studies is for students to become critical, active, informed and responsible citizens of a Global World.

Course Content:

Term 1:  Tangata Kē, Wāhi Kē – Other People, Other Places

How do other people around the globe live? What are the special places, events and cultures that define different societies? Topics include Australia’s First Peoples, The Pacific Islands, Nuclear Testing, Vietnam War, The Americas etc . . .

Term 2:  Nga Wero – Challenges and Crises

What are the different ways people react and respond to significant challenges/events? What are the consequences of these responses for communities and places? Topics include Natural Disasters, Apartheid South Africa, Life of Gandhi, US Civil Rights, 9/11 etc . . .

Term 3:  Ō Tika, Ō Kawenga – Social Organisation, Rights, and Responsibilities

What is government? How do different systems of government impact on peoples’ lives? Topics include Democracy, NZ’s Government, Hitler’s Germany, Communism, Emperors & Kings etc . . .

Term 4:  Arorangi - Space, Heavenwards and Beyond

What are the big ideas that drive the human race to explore the unknown? How do these things impact different societies? Topics include Space Race, Aliens, World Religions, Legends & Myths etc . .

Contact Person: Mr Skinner mjs@shirley.school.nz

Next step: 11 Geography and/or 11 History and/or Economics